This is a collection of articles that are handed out in the office to each of our patients.

Reduction of Blood Pressure in a Patient Receiving Chiropractic Care
Bone Broth - Worth the hype?
Fibromyalgia Helped Following Chiropractic - A Case Study
Headaches in a 13 year old boy
55 year old woman suffers headaches and more
The Link Between The Brain And The Lymphatic System
Part 1
The Link Between The Brain And The Lymphatic System
Part 2

The Link Between The Brain And The Lymphatic System
Part 3

Reduction of Blood Pressure in a Patient Receiving Chiropractic Care
The Annals of Vertebral Subluxation Research published a case study with a review of pertinent literature on March 6, 2017, documenting the positive effect chiropractic has on people with hypertension. The study defines hypertension as a systolic blood pressure of greater than 140 mm Hg or a diastolic blood pressure greater than 90 mm Hg.
Treatment of hypertension is one of the most expensive components of medical care in the U.S., costing a total of $50 billion in the year 2009. Upwards of 78 million Americans are being treated for hypertension. According to the study, it is estimated that by the year 2030, the cost as a result of hypertension and related illness will reach $343 billion per year. It is estimated that 30.5% of men and 28.5% of women are hypertensive.
Hypertension itself is not the major concern. Of more concern are the health issues that come from long term hypertension which can be serious or even deadly. In reporting data on years of life lost due to related condition from hypertension, the study states, "...related diseases in 2010 was estimated at: 7.2 million as a result of ischemic heart disease, 1.9 million as a result of stroke, and 2.2 million as a result of the combination of chronic kidney disease, other cardiovascular and circulatory diseases, and hypertensive heart disease."
In this case, a 50-year-old man went to the chiropractor with no health complaint other than hypertension. He had been diagnosed with hypertension 24 years prior. His only other history concern was resolved back and neck pain 5 years earlier. He was previously taking a hypertensive medication which he self-discontinued due to his observation that it was not working. He had previously been under chiropractic care and was seeking care on this occasion for wellness purposes.
A chiropractic and general examination was performed on the man. At the time of the examination, his blood pressure measured 155/100 mm Hg. Additional findings of the examination showed a restricted cervical range of motion. Thermography and spinal palpation also showed spinal areas of concern that led to the diagnosis of multiple subluxation in the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar spine.
The man began receiving chiropractic adjustments at the rate of one per week. Blood pressure was measured before and after the chiropractic adjustments to record any changes. Palpation and thermography were also performed regularly to access progress of care.
The study reports that there was an average 8.39 mm Hg drop in systolic and 3.56 mm Hg drop in diastolic blood pressure measured pre- and post-adjustment over the course of the chiropractic care.
The study authors reported on the literature available on the subject of blood pressure related to chiropractic and related care. They found that there were 40 articles in the current literature under the umbrella of chiropractic adjustments, spinal manipulative therapy, and osteopathic manipulation’s effects on blood pressure. They point out that the variety of research on chiropractic and blood pressure makes it difficult to make specific statements related to the type of chiropractic care best suited to affect blood pressure. However, they were able to conclude that "Results from these studies are largely varied as well with studies suggesting the chiropractic as effective in managing hypertension as the use of a two-drug combination therapy."
Several previous studies have documented that chiropractic care has the effect of lowering blood pressure significantly on test subjects.  One such study was done at the Hypertension Center at the University of Chicago Medical Center and published in the March 2, 2007 issue of the Journal of Human Hypertension. The study's leader, George Bakris, MD, commented, "This procedure (chiropractic) has the effect of not one, but two blood-pressure medications given in combination. And it seems to be adverse-event free. We saw no side effects and no problems."

Bone Broth - Worth the hype? 
 Broth, preferably homemade, should be considered a healthy food option. It's great to use as a base in soups and stews, as well as by itself.  However, bone broth has to be cooked, and when anything is cooked, some of the protein constituents are broken down by heat and denatured. For example, a chuck roast cooked rare would normally be tough, but when you slow cook it for 6-8 hours, it falls apart due to the connective tissues, etc. being broken down. The denatured, cooked food most likely does not contain any of the normal cellular growth factors, other raw cellular components, or non-denatured raw collagen.

Bone broth is good for you, as it contains minerals and protein, but raw bone and collagen is a much better choice for therapeutic purposes. It's those specific raw constituents that may help provide the important soft-tissue healing properties that your body requires.  Another thing to keep in mind is how the bone broth or collagen powder product is manufactured. Often utilizing heat and slow chemical reactions to achieve the desired results, the powder is more like a manufactured food-like substance and less like a whole food.

Standard Process has been making whole food supplements using minimal to no heat in the manufacturing process for almost 90 years.

There products used for soft-tissue and bone strengthening, healing, and repair are:
  • Collagen-C  (contains raw veal bone)
  • Ligaplex I & II  (contains raw bovine bone)
  • Bio-Dent  (contains raw bovine bone and raw veal bone) 
  • Ostrophin-PMG  (contains raw bovine bone)
And of course...
  • Calcifood (contains raw veal bone and raw bovine bone)
    • also comes in a powder option, an excellent option for healthy shakes for all ages.
And don't forget herbal synergists...
  • Gotu-Kola Complex  Stimulates and supports healthy collagen formation and repair.  

Fibromyalgia Helped Following Chiropractic - A Case Study
On March 13, 2017, the Annals of Vertebral Subluxation Research published a case study documenting how a woman suffering with fibromyalgia, widespread pain, fatigue, depression, and headaches was helped through chiropractic care.
Fibromyalgia is a chronic, widespread pain syndrome with an unknown medical cause. To break the word Fibromyalgia down it means the following:
"Fibro" is a Latin word meaning fibrous tissues such as tendons and ligaments.
"my" is short for "myo" which is Latin for muscles.
"algia" is Latin meaning pain.
The study authors note how common this problem is by stating that, "It is estimated to affect 2-3% of the American population and is the second most common diagnosis made in rheumatology clinics in the United States."
  • Fibromyalgia is about ten times more common in women than men.
  • Commonly starts between the ages of 60 to 79 years.
  • Is often associated with depression
  • Common medical treatment is low-dose antidepressants as well as pain medication.
In this case study, a 40-year-old woman went to a chiropractor after being afflicted with fibromyalgia for over eight years.  Her symptoms included widespread pain, including neck pain, mid and upper-back pain, and arm and shoulder pain. She was also suffering from headaches, high blood pressure, and depression. The medical care she had been receiving for her condition included three non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) per day, seizure medication, and a series of three cortisone injections.
A chiropractic examination was performed to access the woman’s spine and nervous system. This consisted of postural evaluation, x-rays of the spine, paraspinal surface electromyography (sEMG), paraspinal thermography, range of motion (ROM), and motion and static palpation. Additionally, a 36-question short-form (SF-36) questionnaire was given. This questionnaire is a standard and verifiable measurement of quality of life as stated by the patient. It is often used to gauge the overall improvement of a patient through out their care.  The scores that the patient can give themselves in each of the areas range from 0 for the worst possible, to 100 representing the highest level of functioning possible.
The woman received a total of 44 chiropractic visits over a 5 month period after which a re-examination was performed and all tests were compared to the original findings. The study records that all objective findings showed improvement including the patient's range of motion, the sEMG tests, as well as x-ray findings.
The SF-36 patient questionnaire showed considerable improvement in most all the areas as reported by the woman. Her emotional well-being improved 10 points from 39.6 to 49.6. Her reported energy/fatigue improved 37.5 points from a 16.6 to 54.1. She reported that her general health improved 35.0 points from a 3.0 to 38.0. As for pain, her original rating was a complete 0, which improved 36.7 points. Likewise she rated her physical functioning at 0 before her care which improved to 39.4 after chiropractic. Her limitations due to emotional problems improved 8.3 points from 50.9 to 59.2. The woman reported that her social functioning improved 37.5 points from an original 21.2 to 58.7 after chiropractic.
In their conclusion the authors wrote, "Reduction in radiographic vertebral subluxations and improvements in spinal alignment and posture, ranges of motion, musculoskeletal pain, headaches, and health-related quality of life were achieved using [chiropractic] on a patient diagnosed with fibromyalgia."

Headaches in a 13 year old boy
The November 30, 2009 issue of the scientific periodical, the Journal of Pediatric, Maternal & Family Health, published a case study documenting the improvement, of a young boy suffering from headaches, with chiropractic care.
In this study a 13 year old boy had been suffering from daily headaches for 4 years. The young boy reported that his headaches would occur for a minimum of 5 hours per day, and nothing seemed to help the pain. He never took medication for the condition but, after 4 years of suffering from these headaches, he was taken to a chiropractor for care.
The study notes that about 66% of the population will suffer from headaches at some time. Additionally the authors report that according to the International Headache Society, there are 14 distinct types of headaches. The author also notes that, "Standard medical care in treating headaches is often unsuccessful due to the complicated nature of headaches, and proper medical management is largely dependant upon a proper diagnosis." Most medical care involves the use of medications and does not use a structural approach used in chiropractic treatments.
The Chiropractic analysis and x-rays revealed a reversal of the cervical (neck) curvature.  Care was initiated with specific adjustments and procedures designed to correct the loss of the neck curve.
After 6 weeks of care a follow up x-ray was taken that showed a complete restoration of the normal neck curvature. The author reported, "In addition to the positive changes in the radiographic measurements of the patient, the headaches he suffered from for 4 years subsided until, by the end of the care plan, they were completely eliminated."

55 year old woman suffers headaches and more
The May 11, 2017, edition of the Annals of Vertebral Subluxation Research presented a case study of a woman who had been suffering with long-term headaches and neck pain being helped by chiropractic care.
The Mayo clinic website defines tension headaches by saying, "A tension headache is generally a diffuse, mild to moderate pain in your head that's often described as feeling like a tight band around your head. A tension headache (tension-type headache) is the most common type of headache, and yet its causes aren't well-understood."
According to the study tension headaches are the most common type of headaches. They went on to say:
  • About 42% of the population suffers headaches.
  • Neck pain affects about 70% of the population at some time.
  • People with headaches usually have neck pain in 90% of the cases.
The study lists many types of treatments for headaches including over-the-counter or prescription pharmaceuticals, injections, physiotherapy, massage therapy, spinal manipulation therapy (SMT), and chiropractic adjustments.
In this case, a 55-year-old woman suffering from sinus pressure, chronic headaches, neck and shoulder pain went to the chiropractor. Her previous health history is as follows; eight years earlier, she was involved in a car accident where she hit her head. She was also involved in an earlier accident where her head struck the windshield. After this accident, she immediately felt neck and shoulder pain. In addition to these car accidents, the woman was also struck in the face by a hockey puck that was estimated to be traveling at about 90 miles per hour. This injury required 11 sutures.
At the time of this study the woman had been suffering with headaches for 4 years. These headaches were described as pounding, and often caused her to vomit. Her medical doctor told her that these headaches were caused by dust, dirt, and mold.
An examination revealed the following:
  • Elevated blood pressure
  • A decreased range of motion in her neck
  • Other postural irregularities
  • X-ray analysis showed a reversal of the cervical (neck) curve, as well as a lateral translation of her head to the right side.
After 36 visits, the woman was re-assessed to determine the progress that had been made. She reported that her headaches were gone and that her neck pain was reduced to negligible. Her neck range of motion had also returned to normal and no longer caused pain. A follow-up x-ray from the back of the neck was performed showing that the lateral translation of her head had been corrected.
The authors summed up this case by saying, "This report documents the successful outcome in a 55-year old patient with chronic headaches as well as neck and shoulder pain with a lateral head shift posture.
Please share this information with someone who would benefit from chiropractic care- many Thanks!

The Link Between The Brain And The Lymphatic System
Part 1

In a study published in The Journal of Experimental Medicine, researchers working at the Wihuri Research Institute and the University of Helsinki report a surprising finding that challenges current anatomy and histology textbook knowledge: Lymphatic vessels are found in the central nervous system where they were not known to exist. Aleksanteri Aspelund and colleagues discovered the meningeal linings of the brain have a lymphatic vessel network that has direct connections to the lymphatic system network elsewhere in the body.
The meningeal  linings of the brain are membranes that envelop the brain and spinal cord.   The primary function of the meningeal  linings is to protect the central nervous system.
The lymphatic system is made up of  bone marrow, the spleen, the thymus, and lymph nodes.  These tissues produce and store cells that fight infection and disease.
  • The lymphatic system is part of the immune system. It also maintains fluid balance and plays a role in absorbing fats and fat-soluble nutrients.
  • The lymphatic system involves an extensive network of vessels that passes through almost all our tissues to allow for the movement of a fluid called lymph.
  • There are about 600 lymph nodes in the body. These nodes swell in response to infection, due to a build-up of lymph fluid, bacteria, or other organisms and immune system cells.
Until now, the central nervous system has been considered an immune-privileged organ devoid of lymphatic vasculature.
We have recently discovered that in the eye, which is another immune-privileged organ previously considered to lack lymphatic circulation, there exists a lymphatic-like vessel that is important for the regulation of eye pressure. This led me to reinvestigate the brain in this regard, says Aleksanteri Aspelund, who is working in Academy Professor Kari Alitalo's research group.
We were stunned to find such an extensive network in connection to the brain. This incredible finding completely changes our understanding of how the brain is cleared of excess fluid and gives a chance to look at brain diseases from a completely new angle, he continues.

The researchers performed a thorough job in characterizing the structure and function of these previously unknown vessels. They showed that these meningeal lymphatic vessels drain out of the skull alongside arteries, veins, and cranial nerves. These vessels show all molecular hallmarks of the lymphatic vessels and function as direct clearance routes for the brain and cerebrospinal fluid macromolecules out of the skull and into the deep cervical lymph nodes.How did the lymphatic vessels manage to escape notice until now?
 This is no wonder, says medical student Salli Antila, who has also been working with the project.
Lymphatic vessels are collapsed structures between the meninges, and if one does not know how to look, they cannot be found. Although we had already found the vessels, it took some time to develop good imaging methods to visualize these vessels.
The discovery has raised several new questions concerning some fundamental brain functions and the mechanisms of brain diseases. Researchers find it highly possible that lymphatic clearance of the brain proves to be important in neuro-immunological diseases as well as in diseases characterized by the pathological accumulation of misfolded proteins or fluid into the brain parenchyma, for example in Alzheimer's disease, which affects tens of millions of people worldwide.
Story Source:Materials provided by University of Helsinki. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.
Journal Reference:Aleksanteri Aspelund, Salli Antila, Steven Proulx, Tine Karlsen, Sinem Karaman, Michael Detmar, Helge Wiig and Kari Alitalo. A dural lymphatic vascular system that drains brain interstitial fluid and macromolecules. The Journal of Experimental Medicine, June 2015

The Link Between The Brain And The Lymphatic System
Part 2

For a long time, science told us that there was no connection between the brain and the immune system. The brain was supposedly a privileged organ, whose cells did not need immune protection. All that changed in very recent history, due to a discovery that happened almost by accident. There was in fact a channel in the brain that had previously been compressed and then missed largely because of the way brain banks stored their specimens.
It was a ground-breaking, textbook-rewriting discovery when Antoine Louveau first stumbled on this lymphatic vessel system in the brain. Previously, this vessel system had been tucked away, hidden from the prying eyes of the researchers. The knowledge that there was in fact a lymphatic system containing immune cells in the brain at all was highly significant.
One result of this pursuit is a hypothesis paper recently published in the Journal of Vertebral Subluxation Research, and it presents one postulate on how chiropractic can impact lymphatic drainage – and it has a lot to do with the Atlas, Axis and the Cervical spine.
The lymphatic system has three main functions:
  • It maintains the balance of fluid between the blood and tissues, known as fluid homeostasis.
  • It forms part of the body's immune system and helps defend against bacteria and other intruders.
  • Dr. Lawrence Bennett
    1248 W. Main Street Ephrata, Pa 17522
    It facilitates absorption of fats and fat-soluble nutrients in the digestive system.
Fast facts about the lymphatic system:
  • The lymphatic system plays a key role in the immune system, fluid balance, and absorption of fats and fat-soluble nutrients.
  • As lymph vessels drain fluid from body tissues, this enables foreign material to be delivered to the lymph nodes for assessment by immune system cells.
  • The lymph nodes swell in response to infection, due to a build-up of lymph fluid, bacteria, or other organisms and immune system cells.
  • Lymph nodes can also become infected, in a condition known as lymphadenitis.
 “The immune system really does have access to the deep tissues of the brain, because it has to! The immune system cleans up cellular debris and messes. A cell dies, who’s going to clean it up? The immune system!” The results of lymphatic drainage could indeed be profound – with scientists like Louveau speculating that faults in lymphatic drainage could actually be the starting point for many neurodegenerative diseases. This potentially makes the link between chiropractic care and lymphatic drainage a very significant one.
Louveau postulates that interference of proper drainage through the CNS lymphatic system could be the root cause of many neurodegenerative disorders.
Louveau is a PhD scientist in a completely non-chiropractic realm saying if you don’t properly drain waste out of the brain you could end up with Parkinson’s.
Louveau A et al. “Structural and functional features of central nervous system lymphatic vessels.” Nature 523, 337–341 (16 July 2015)
Staff Interviewer University of Virginia, (2016), “Antoine Louveau, PhD speaks to Lymphatic Brain Discovery” UVA Link,
Haas, A (2017), “Lymphatic Drainage of the Brain: Implications for Chiropractic,” A. Vertebral Subluxation Res. February 13, 2017

The Link Between The Brain And The Lymphatic System
Part 3

In a paper published in “Nature” by the University of Virginia the following was stated about the connection between the brain and the lymphatic system.
The presence of a functional and classical lymphatic system in the central nervous system suggests that current dogmas regarding brain tolerance and the immune privilege of the brain should be revisited. Malfunction of the meningeal lymphatic vessels could be a root cause of a variety of neurological disorders in which altered immunity is a fundamental player such as multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease, and some forms of primary lymphoedema that are associated with neurological disorders.
The lymph system has three main functions:
Fluid balance
The lymphatic system helps maintain fluid balance. It returns excess fluid and proteins from the tissues that cannot be returned through the blood vessels.  The fluid is found in tissue spaces and cavities, in the tiny spaces surrounding cells, known as the interstitial spaces. These are reached by the smallest blood and lymph capillaries.  Around 90 percent of the plasma that reaches tissues from the arterial blood capillaries is returned by the venous capillaries and back along veins. The remaining 10 percent is drained back by the lymphatics.  Each day, around 2-3 liters is returned. This fluid includes proteins that are too large to be transported via the blood vessels.  Loss of the lymphatic system would be fatal within a day. Without the lymphatic system draining excess fluid, our tissues would swell, blood volume would be lost and pressure would increase.  For example, Blood Pressure.
Most of the fats absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract are taken up in a part of the gut membrane in the small intestine that is specially adapted by the lymphatic system.  The lymphatic system has tiny lacteals in this part of the intestine that form part of the villi. These finger-like protruding structures are produced by the tiny folds in the absorptive surface of the gut.  Lacteals absorb fats and fat-soluble vitamins to form a milky white fluid called chyle.  This fluid contains lymph and emulsified fats, or free fatty acids. It delivers nutrients indirectly when it reaches the venous blood circulation. Blood capillaries take up other nutrients directly.  Therefore, the lymphatic system affects the digestive system.
Immune system
The third function is to defend the body against unwanted organisms. Without it, we would die very soon from an infection.  The lymphatic system produces white blood cells, or lymphocytes that are crucial in fending off infections. Our bodies are constantly exposed to potentially hazardous micro-organisms, such as infections.
The body's first line of defense involves:
  • physical barriers, such as the skin
  • toxic barriers, such as the acidic contents of the stomach
  • "friendly" bacteria in the body
However, pathogens often do succeed in entering the body despite these defenses. In this case, the lymphatic system enables our immune system to respond appropriately.  If the immune system is not able to fight off these micro-organisms, or pathogens, they can be harmful and even fatal.  A number of different immune cells and special molecules work together to fight off the unwanted pathogens.